What is Fluoride?

Close up of a toothbrush with toothpaste on it.

What is Fluoride?

Fluoride is necessary for tooth advancement and the avoidance of tooth rot. Throughout the United States, tooth decay is far less pervasive than it would have been without the fluoridation of open water supplies. That is the reason why pediatric dental specialists support water fluoridation to the prescribed levels of 0.70 parts per million (ppm). It’s also why the government Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has called fluoridated water a standout amongst the most critical wellbeing accomplishments of the twentieth century.

Unfortunately, not every person has access to fluoridated water. That is one motivation behind why a fluoride supplement is prescribed for your child, in addition to using toothpaste and mouthwash that contain this vital mineral. Since it is feasible for kids to get too much fluoride, it’s important to seek professional medical advice when it comes to fluoride products.

How Does Fluoride Help? 

The external layer of teeth, called enamel, is frequently subject to harmful acids. These can come from acidic foods and refreshments, like soft drinks and citrus products. They can also come from the decay-causing bacteria already in the mouth that create acid from sugar. These microbes gather in dental plaque and feast upon sugar that is not scrubbed from your child’s mouth. In breaking down sugar, the microbes create acids that can eat through tooth finish. This is the way cavities are created. However, when fluoride is present, it actually turns into part of the crystalline structure of tooth finish, solidifying it and making it more impervious to corrosive assault. Fluoride can even help repair cavities that have started to form.

Sources of Fluoride

Correct amount of toothpaste for children.

Fluoride in drinking water or supplements can be taken up by a child’s developing teeth. Once a tooth has started to erupt, it can be fortified by fluoride topically. At Clifton & Mauney, we have expertise in family dentistry, and we want to be sure that your child gets the correct about of fluoride.

Good sources of fluoride include:

  • Fluoride toothpaste
  • Topical fluoride applications
  • Supplements
  • Drinking water

Utilizing a fluoride toothpaste is one approach to enable your child’s teeth to get fluoride every day. That being said, don’t overdo it! Indeed, we suggest utilizing just a pea-sized sum for youngsters ages 2-6 and only a small spread for kids under two. Fluoride ought not be utilized on children younger than one year. Another useful approach to deliver fluoride to the teeth is with topical fluoride applications painted right onto the teeth.

The Dangers of Fluorosis

Teeth that are over-exposed to fluoride as they are shaping underneath the gum line can build up a condition called fluorosis, which is marked by a streaked or mottled appearance of the teeth. Mild fluorosis may appear as white spots that are difficult to see. In uncommon and more serious cases, the staining can be darker, with a pitted surface. The condition is not unsafe, but rather may inevitably require corrective dental treatment. Tooth decay, however, is destructive to your child’s dental health and can likewise be very serious.

Signs of fluorosis may include:

  • Streaked appearance
  • White spots
  • Stains ranging from yellow to brown
  • Surface irregularities

Since children’s permanent teeth are fully developed by the age of 9, they are no longer at risk for fluorosis at that time. Since fluoride helps strengthen the tooth enamel over time, every one of the sources your child interacts with — including baby formula mixed with fluoridated tap water — should be assessed. While caution and professional medical advice are advised, it would be an error to go without the advantages that fluoride can have on your kid’s teeth and general wellbeing. In the event that you are worried that your youngster might be experiencing fluorosis, please contact your neighborhood specialists in family dentistry for more data.

Contact Your Chapel Hill, NC Family Dentist Today!

If you’re looking for an outstanding family dentist in the Chapel Hill, NC area, you’ve come to the right place! If you have any questions, please call us today at (919) 933-1007 to learn more about how we can help you improve your smile. You can also schedule a consultation using our easy online form. We’re excited to hear from you, and we look forward to helping you achieve the beautiful & healthy smile you’ve always wanted!